The ancient Akkadian cultures, following the lead of the Sumerians, regarded the heavenly bodies as gods, and observed them assiduaously, accidentally inventing mathematised astronomy in the process. But they also developed the earliest roots of astrology. A new collection of essays on the Babylonian Astronomical Diaries may appeal to serious researchers of the earliest roots of astronomical/astrological thought and method:
Johannes Haubold, John M. Steele, Kathryn Stevens, Keeping Watch in
Babylon: The Astronomical Diaries in Context. Culture and history of
the ancient Near East, volume 100. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2019
A review can be read here.